There are two types of disability appeals: Appeals Council Repeal and Federal Appeal
Appeals Council Repeal
Claimants are awarded approximately 1% of the time at this level.
An additional 9% of claimants have their case remanded (sent back) to the original ALJ who made the hearing level denial. These remands may be for further development on a particular issue or to correct a procedural error made in the hearing level decision. Generally speaking, judges do not like to have another judge tell them that they made a mistake. Hearing level ALJs will often just re-deny appeals council remands. As a result, having your claim remanded is not always the best result. The goal at this level is often to get denied, which allows a claimant to appeal in federal court.
At this level, you are suing the Social Security Administration in Federal Court. The odds of winning at this level are approximately 2%, which is hardly better than at the Appeals Council. Federal judges; however, remand (send back) approximately half of these claims for a further evaluation of issues that were improperly considered at the prior hearing.