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Does SSA Qualify Asperger’s Syndrome as a Disability?

Adults with Asperger’s Syndrome, a condition that lies on the autism spectrum, may or may not qualify for disability benefits depending on their individual circumstances. Generally speaking, those with milder forms are able to live their lives similarly to neurotypical people, while those with more severe forms may be eligible if their symptoms prevent them from working full-time for at least one year. For children with Asperger’s, they may receive benefits if they are missing developmental milestones, although their case will need to be reviewed when they turn 18.

How Do I Get Approved for Benefits with Asperger’s Syndrome?

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are programs that provide financial assistance to those who meet certain eligibility requirements. Children can only receive SSI, but they may be eligible for SSDI as disabled adult children after they turn 18.

Adults with Asperger’s Syndrome can qualify for disability benefits by meeting the criteria outlined in Listing 12.10 of the Social Security Administration’s “Blue Book” of impairments or by showing that they are unable to work full-time under a “medical-vocational allowance.” To meet the listed impairment, medical records must demonstrate difficulty with social interaction and communication, as well as significantly restricted patterns of behavior. Additionally, individuals must show an extreme limitation in one area or marked limitation in two other areas such as understanding, remembering, interacting with people, focusing on tasks or adapting to manage oneself.

Children with Asperger’s Syndrome between the ages of 3 and 18 may qualify for disability benefits under Listing 112.08 of the SSA’s Blue Book. Medical and non-medical sources such as school records and IEPs can help the agency determine whether a child is disabled even if they do not exactly meet all listing criteria. Ultimately, an individual’s residual functional capacity (RFC) and work history will be taken into consideration when assessing their eligibility for disability benefits.