Is Social Security a State or Federal Program

Written by TC Newlin

TC is a disability litigator and one of the managing partners in the Social Security Disability Department at Fleschner, Stark, Tanoos & Newlin. He has had the pleasure of helping thousands of people obtain the benefits they so desperately need.

October 15, 2021

The Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income disability programs are both Federal programs.  They are actually the largest of several programs administered by the federal government that provide some sort of assistance to individuals with disabilities.  

Cash Benefits for SSDI and SSI

While these two programs are very different, they both provide cash benefits directly to the disabled.  

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) provides a cash benefit to individuals who have accumulated enough work credits by paying into the Social Security trust fund through payroll or self-employment taxes.  SSDI beneficiaries receive Medicare.  

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a ‘needs based’ program.  It provides a cash benefit to disabled individuals who have a financial need as defined by the rules and regulations of the program.  SSI beneficiaries receive Medicaid. 

 

State SSI Supplements

Although SSI is a federal program, I will dirty the waters some by pointing out that most states supplement the SSI benefit with additional payments.  In these states, your overall benefit could be higher.  SSI state supplemental benefits vary from state to state based on your income, living arrangements and various other factors.  I recommend you reach out to the SSA or your state’s agency to get up to date information.  The Social Security Administration has not updated it website in a decade and the information provided below is likely to be outdated.  

States Administered by SSA

The following states have their supplement administered by the SSA.

If your state is in this list and you have questions about your state SSI supplement, in most cases, you can contact the SSA.  If your state is in this group your supplement will automatically be sent to you. 

StateIndividual Monthly BenefitCouple Monthly Benefit
California$954.721,598.14
Delaware$794$1,191
Hawaii$794$1,191
Iowa$794$1,191
Michigan$794$1,191
Montana$794$1,191
Nevada$794$1,191
New Jersey$825.251,216.36
Pennsylvania$794$1,191
District of Columbia$794$1,191
Rhode Island$794$1,191
Vermont$846.04$1,289.88

The following states have their supplement administered at the state level.

If your state is in this list and you have questions about your state SSI supplement, you will need to contact your state’s agency.

If your state is in this group you may have to take some action with the state in order for the state supplement to kick in.

The following states do not offer an SSI supplement:

The following states do not offer an SSI supplement
Arizona
Mississippi
North Dakota
Oregon
West Virginia

 

 

Do I Qualify for SSD Benefits?

Browse our SSDI resource library to find clear answers and determine if you qualify for up to $3,148/month in SSD benefits.

Do I Qualify for Social Security Disability?

Browse our SSDI resource library to find clear answers and determine if you qualify for up to $3,148/month in SSD benefits.

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